What is a mitochondrial dysfunction and their importance in aging?
Mitochondrial dysfunction occurs when mitochondria are not performing their tasks as well as they should due to another disease or condition. To understand what mitochondrial dysfunction is, it is important to understand what mitochondria are. Mitochondria are known as powerhouse of cells or energy factories. As the name is described, mitochondria are responsible for converting energy from the food we have into energy for biological processes or to carry on with our body movements. However, producing energy is not their only task. They also carry out other tasks that are specific to the cell type where they are found. Other tasks of mitochondria are cell death, storing calcium, and heat production, etc.
Mitochondria also plays an important role in the aging process as they have their own DNA called mitochondrial DNA (also known as mtDNA). According to studies, mitochondrial DNA (like bacteria DNA), also known as mtDNA, has an estimated 10-fold greater mutation rate than nuclear DNA and less repair capacity. Many studies suggest that a decline in activity of mitochondria is heavily connected with a wide range of processes related to aging including senescence, inflammation, and the decline in tissue and organ function.
What is a mitochondrial dysfunction test?
Mitochondrial dysfunction test is designed to discover whether a tested product or substance has an efficacy to rejuvenate mitochondrial function, regenerate mitochondria, and improve mitochondrial quality control to combat mitochondrial dysfunction which is suggested to be heavily linked to aging.